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The first Japanese manga magazine: Eshinbun Nipponchi
Influenced in by Charles Wargman - a Brit who founded the Japan Punch* publication in Yokohama ? Kanagaki Robun (pseudonym) and Kawanabe Kyosai in 1874 published the first Japanese-published manga magazine.The popular word “Punch” became the title of the magazine and Japan Punch's mix of highly simplified style of drawings with its topical, current affairs themes was borrowed, and they intended to produce a serial publication.However, the content of the manga had a conservative side which criticized Itagaki Taisuke's free imagination and Fukuzawa Yukichi's revolutionary thinking and therefore was not popular within the “civilization-mooded” society at the time, thus it stopped publication after three issues. It seems there was a limit to manga expression on the cover also, where the official permission is written.The role this magazine played was to urge the publication in 1875 of the caricature magazine “Kisho Shimbun”* (Hashizume Kinzo, Tsukioka Yoshitoshi), then follow with the publication of topical satire magazine “Marumaru Chinbun”*and Kyoto's “Garakuta Chinpo”* in 1877 and 1879 respectively. (Shimizu Isao) (*)...Museum collection